Toward the end of the 1940s, the presence of communism in the world became apparent. Americans were afraid communism would infiltrate the American government. Eastern Europe was falling under the influence of the Soviet Union. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill said an “Iron Curtain” was falling over the region.A revolution in China in 1949 put that country under communist control. Pro-communist rebels were trying to drive out French colonial rule in Indochina. 

Many Americans were worried after Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were found guilty of providing the Soviet Union with classified atomic bomb information. Because of information the Rosenbergs provided, the Soviet Union constructed its own atomic bomb. The nuclear age had begun. Americans feared a potential Soviet nuclear attack. Fallout shelters were becoming common in the United States. Students were practicing atomic bomb drills in their classrooms. The “Duck and Cover” video became popular. Elizabeth Bentley and Whittaker Chambers, former members of the Communist Party of America, stated that those who were in or supported the communist party had been successfully infiltrating the American government. With the American public growing concerned, the United States Congress passed the Smith Act in 1940. The Smith Act forbid any American citizen to join or to participate in any organization attempted to overthrow the United States government. In addition, it required all those who entered the country to register with the government. Additionally, in 1947 President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order 9835. This law led to the creation of the Federal Employees Loyalty Program to review the status of Americans working for the national government. Workers were investigated to determine if they were loyal to America. In some cases, people lost their jobs because their loyalty to the United States was questioned. The House Committee on Un-American Activities also began investigating. An obvious question was how the government would investigating. An obvious question was how the government would

Canwell Hearings took place in Washington state in 1948. A committee of the state legislature headed by Representative Albert Canwell began intensive investigations of Communist influence, focused on faculty members at the University of Washington and resulted in the dismissal of several tenured professors as well as driving away a number of students.

 

2 Responses to “What was another committee that investigated Americans for communism in the government?”

  1. Tristan says:

    Canwell Hearings took place in Washington state in 1948. A committee of the state legislature headed by Representative Albert Canwell began intensive investigations of Communist influence, focused on faculty members at the University of Washington and resulted in the dismissal of several tenured professors as well as driving away a number of students.
    References :

  2. ammianus says:

    McCarran Committee

    Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.
    References :

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